Abydos and Armant
In 1899 Petrie also left the Delta and began work at the important Upper Egyptian site of Abydos where he excavated the tombs of the earliest kings of Egypt and the main temple of the god of the dead, Osiris. Following this excavation Petrie’s relationship with the Officers and Committee of the Fund broke down, though he and Amelia Edwards remained firm friends, and his subsequent archaeological work in Egypt was carried out for other sponsors.
By the end of the First World War, the ‘Victorian’ world in which the Fund had been established had been swept away, and the Fund was renamed The Egypt Exploration Society. ‘Subscribers’ became ‘members’ and the first annual issue of The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology appeared. Members would, in future, receive the Journal each year in return for a commitment to an annual subscription. In the 1920s and 1930s the Society’s excavations were concentrated on three sites in Upper Egypt - Abydos, Armant and Tell el-Amarna.
Excavations in the Bucheum at Armant
At Abydos, Henri Frankfort resumed in 1925 work which had been started by Naville at the Osireion, the enigmatic structure behind the temple of Seti and out of this excavation arose a project to record the fine reliefs of the temple of Seti itself. This work was undertaken by Amice Calverley and Myrtle Broome and resulted in four sumptuous volumes in which the temple’s scenes and texts were recorded in minute detail, often in colour. The excavation at Armant was not originally an EES project, being financed by the wealthy industrialist, Sir Robert Mond, but the Society undertook the publication of the work of Oliver Myers in the temple of Monthu and the burial-place of the sacred bulls of the god.
One of the fine reliefs in the temple of Seti I at Abydos
A watercolour by Amice Calverley and Myrtle Broome during the epigraphic recording of the temple of Seti I at Abydos
|The Delta and Deir el-Bahari||Tell el-Amarna|
|The Archaeological Survey||Nubia|
|The Graeco-Roman Branch||Saqqara and Memphis|
|Abydos and Armant||Further information|